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What is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery is a specialized branch of surgery which corrects the functional and congenital defects which may be a birth defect, accidental defects, neoplasm, hand surgery and other causes.  The term plastic surgery stems in Greek means “to mold” or “to form.
Plastic surgery began with nasal construction in India in 3000 BC. Most of the plastic surgeon help restore, repair and make whole those parts which the nature has given but which fortune has taken away. The plastic surgery is mainly concerned with procedures like cleft Lip and palate surgery, pediatric and adult craniofacial surgery, burns and post- burns reconstruction, reconstruction of patients after trauma to the head and neck and limbs, reconstruction of patients with benign deformities of the face and trunk, reconstruction of patients with cancer surgery including head, neck and breast, reconstruction microsurgery, surgical and laser treatment etc. Plastic surgery can be aesthetic in nature or reconstructive in nature but there is a considerable overlap between the two areas.

What is Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is a method which focuses on enhancing appearance of the body through various procedures which can be performed on the head, neck and body. In most of the cases the treated areas function properly but lack aesthetic appeal, cosmetic surgery is elective.
Cosmetic surgery is a way of altering our body’s ‘image’ and get back the desired beauty .Cosmetic surgery entered into the public mindset  with the advancement and refinements that rendered safe the rejuvenation of the face and body through procedures such as face-lifts, breast augmentation, and liposuction. The cosmetic procedure is conducted on the face as well as on the body.
The facial cosmetic operation includes forehead lift, facelift, eyelid tightening, Rhinoplasty, Otoplasty, facial implants, hair transplantation, scar revision and skin resurfacing procedure. The operation on the body includes breast enlargement, breast reduction, breast reconstruction, liposuction, arm lift, gynecomastia resection etc. 

What Is The Difference Between Plastic Surgery And Cosmetic Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery are closely related specialties, but they are not at all of the same types. All the procedures, techniques, and principles of cosmetic surgery are mainly focusing   for enhancement of a patient’s appearance. The procedure not only improves the aesthetic appeal, symmetry and proportion. The cosmetic surgery can be performed on all areas of the head, neck, and body to improve the overall appearance.
Plastic surgery on the other hand is a surgical specialty which is dedicated to provide reconstruction of facial and body defects which may be due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease. All the plastic procedure is intended to correct dysfunctional areas of the body.  Both the procedure are closely related and is performed by the plastic surgeon who has expertise in both plastic and cosmetic surgery

Characteristic of Cosmetic Rhinoplasty Procedure

  • It could be used to modify the shape, size, and overall appearance of the nose.
  • The procedure involves providing a more proportionate figure to the other facial features.
  • The cosmetic procedure address bumps on the bridge of the nose, an elongated nasal tip, or excessively flared nostrils.

Characteristic of Reconstructive or Plastic Rhinoplasty

  • Reconstructive rhinoplasty comes under plastic surgery.
  • The procedure involves providing patient treatment who have lost all the parts of their of their noses to an accident, skin cancer, or another serious illness.
  • During the treatment, a surgeon rebuilds the nose using skin grafts, flap techniques, and other advanced methods.

Whether cosmetic or plastic Rhinoplasty is done, the procedure varies as per the need and complication of the patient.


All through the method, your specialist may screen certain indispensable signs like your circulatory strain and breathing rate to guarantee you are enduring the surgery. These screens are for the patient's own wellbeing and seldom anything to be worried about.



The cuts utilized for rhinoplasty fluctuate in light of whether the technique is an open or shut one. In an open rhinoplasty, the entry points are made over the tissue that goes between the nostrils.


Once the entry points are made, the specialist can play out the reshaping procedure in agreement to what was talked about with the patient before the surgery.


Once the reshaping is finished, the specialist will close the entry points with minor fasten. A brace might be connected to hold the nose set up as it mends and shield it from unplanned knocks.

Conclusion / Summary

With the advancement in technology and latest equipments and tool coming in, Cosmetic surgery has an upper edge and is preferred by individuals who want to look younger with time. It is not a necessity, whereas plastic surgery is always performed due to a need like in case of trauma, accident or any congenital defect.